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India : economic development and social opportunity /

by Drèze, Jean.
Additional authors: Sen, Amartya, -- 1933-
Published by : Oxford University Press, (New York :) Physical details: xiv, 292 p. : ill., map ; 22 cm. ISBN:9780198295280 (pbk.); 0198295286 (pbk.); 0198290128. Year: 1995
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Includes bibliographical references (p. [230]-278) and indexes.

1. Introduction. 1.1. India since Independence. 1.2. On Learning from Others. 1.3. Social Opportunity and Public Policy -- 2. Economic Development and Social Opportunity. 2.1. Development, Freedom and Opportunities. 2.2. On Education and Health. 2.3. The Government, the State and the Market. 2.4. Interdependence between Markets and Governance. 2.5. Market-excluding and Market-complementary Interventions. 2.6. A Positive Focus -- 3. India in Comparative Perspective. 3.1. India and the World. 3.2. Lessons from Other Countries. 3.3. East Asia and Growth-mediated Progress. 3.4. Human Capital and More Basic Values. 3.5. Internal Diversities. 3.6. Studying Indian States -- 4. India and China. 4.1. Perceptions of China. 4.2. Conditions of Life and Death. 4.3. Contrasts in Basic Education. 4.4. Pre-reform Achievements. 4.5. Post-reform Records. 4.6. Pre-reform and Post-reform Performances. 4.7. Authoritarianism, Famines and Vulnerability.

4.8. Coercion, Population and Fertility. 4.9. The Real Lessons for India from China -- 5. Public Action and Social Inequality. 5.1. The Public and its Role. 5.2. The Reach of Inequalities. 5.3. Social Inequality and Economic Reform. 5.4. Basic Equality, Social Security and Health Care. 5.5. Local Governance and Social Reform -- 6. Basic Education as a Political Issue. 6.1. Education and Social Change. 6.2. The State of School Education. 6.3. Biases and Confounded Strategies. 6.4. The Role of Expenditure. 6.5. Priorities and Challenges. 6.6. Provision, Utilization and Compulsion. 6.7. On Female Education. 6.8. Education and Political Action -- 7. Gender Inequality and Women's Agency. 7.1. Female Deprivation and Missing Women. 7.2. On the Female-Male Ratio. 7.3. Women's Agency and Child Survival. 7.4. Fertility and Women's Emancipation. 7.5. Widowhood and Gender Relations. 7.6. Gender Equality and Social Progress -- 8. Well Beyond Liberalization.

8.1. What is the Cage? 8.2. People as Ends and as Means. 8.3. Radical Needs and Moderate Reforms. 8.4. Governance and Public Action. 8.5. Women's Agency and Social Change. 8.6. Comparative Perspectives. 8.7. A Concluding Remark.

This book presents an analysis of endemic deprivation in India, and of the role of public action in addressing that problem. The analysis is based on a broad view of economic development, focusing on human well-being and social opportunity rather than on the standard indicators of economic growth.

India's success in reducing endemic deprivation since Independence has been quite limited. Recent diagnoses of this failure of policy have concentrated on the counterproductive role of government regulation, and on the need for economic incentives to accelerate the growth of the economy.

This book argues that an assessment of India's failure to eliminate basic deprivations has to go beyond this limited focus, and to take note of the role played in that failure by inadequate public involvement in the promotion of basic education, health care, social security, and related entitlements. Even the fostering of fast and participatory economic growth requires some basic social change, which is not addressed by liberalization and economic incentives alone. The authors also discuss the historical antecedents of these political and social neglects, including the distortion of policy priorities arising from inequalities of political power.

The book considers the scope for public action to address these earlier biases and achieve a transformation of policy priorities.

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