The winds of change : Buddhism and the maritime links of early South Asia /Series: Oxford India paperbacks Published by : Oxford University Press, (New Delhi :) Physical details: x, 233 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. ISBN:0195643593 (pbk.); 9780195643596 (pbk.).
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List of Illustrations vii
1 PREAMBLE 1
2 THE EVOLUTION OF TRADING NETWORKS 11
Protohistoric Exchange Circuits The Growth of Early Historical Routes Beginnings of Coastal Sailing The Hinterland of Port Sites The Organization of Trade Trade Commodities The Evidence from Coinage
3 MARITIME CONTACTS WITH THE WEST 48
Historiography of Roman Trade with the East Early Contacts
with the Persian Gulf Hellenistic Influence in India The Eastern Mediterranean and Trade with the East Red Sea Trade with India Amphorae and the Wine Trade Imports and
Exports Roman Coin-finds in India - Yavanas: the so-called Romans Navigation
4 EARLY CONTACTS BETWEEN SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA 87
Theories of Social Change in Southeast Asia Mainland Southeast Asia: the Evidence of Early Indian Contacts Peninsular Southeast Asia and the Maritime Network The Indonesian Archipelago and Early Maritime Routes - 'Roman'Contacts with Southeast Asia Exchange or Trade? Southeast Asian Sailing Networks
5 BUDDHISM AND TRADE 121
The Ideological Parameters of Trade Status of Occupational Groups Institutionalization of the Sangria Interaction with
the Laity A Distinct Buddhist Identity? Buddhism and Early Polities Location of Monastic Sites Construction of
Monuments Sculptural Representations Early Buddhist
Sects Monks and Nuns as Donors The Use of Buddhist Symbolism Evolution of a Saviour from the Dangers of Travel Buddhism in Southeast Asia
6 EARLY MARITIME ARCHAEOLOGY 162
The Boat in Antiquity Greek and Roman Ships Arab
Vessels The Indian Ship-building Tradition Austronesian
Shipping Ports and Harbours Wind Systems and Sailing
CONCLUDING REFLECTIONS 189
Plates (between pp. 150 and 151)
1 Stamped and Rouletted Ware sherds, Early Historical levels. Chandraketugarh.
2 Hellenistic egg-shell pottery, rouletted on shoulder of pot.
3 Brick red and polished fragments, rouletted on exterior just
below rim. Sonkh.
4 Knobbed ware sherd. Harinarayanpur.
5 Amphora, locally made. Chandraketugarh.
6 Terracotta sealing with Classical motif. Rajghat.
7 Terracotta lamp modelled on 'foreign' prototypes. Ter.
8 Carnelian and bronze objects found as grave goods. Don
9 Gold eye-cover from Megalithic grave. Gilimanuk.
10 Imported pottery. Sembiran.
11 Carnelian intaglio with Classical motif. South Thailand.
12 Ship-type coin with bull on reverse. South Thailand.
13 Clay sealing with Kharoshti legend. Lopburi.
14 Brahmi and Kharoshti legends on pots and sealings.
15 Buddhist symbols on pottery. Sonkh.
16 Terracotta torana. Midnapur district.
17 Unbaked clay sealing with ship symbol. Chandraketugarh.
1 Megalithic Black-and-Red Ware sites. Tamil Nadu
(after K. Rajan, Early Maritime Activities of the Tamils,
H.P. Ray and J.-F. Salles, ed., Tradition and Archaeology, New
Delhi, 1996) 15
2 Kodumanal and its environs (after Rajan, 1990) 16
3 Early Historical Sites in India 18
4 Site of Banbhore (after Khan, 1963) 24
5 Distribution of mould-made and Red Polished Ware sites
(after Begley, 1991) 26
6 Distribution of Rouletted Ware sites (after Begley, 1991) 34
7 Early sites in the Gulf (after Salles, 1987) 53
8 Trans-arabian routes (after Potts, 1988) 63
9 India as described in the Periplus (after Huntingford, 1980) 68
10 Roman coin finds in India (after Turner, 1989) 80
11 Early Sites in Southeast Asia 93
12 Pyu sites in Burma (after Stargardt, 1990) 98
13 Late Metal Age Sites in Southeast Asia (after
Bellwood, 1985) 100
14 Copper and Tin deposits in mainland Southeast Asia
(after Higham, 1989) 102
15 The Malay peninsula (after Bellwood, 1985) 106
16 Distribution of Dong Son drums (after Smith & Watson,
17 Buddhist sites. Western Deccan 139
18 Buddhist sites. Andhra (after Sarkar, 1987) 141
19 Red Sea ports (after Sidebotham, 1992) 171